Career Option in Geography, Geology & Environment
A. Field description:
Geology is the study of the Earth's materials and processes is comprised of many sub disciplines. Geology is a historical science, involving the study of active and ancient processes within and on the Earth, including the patterns of evolution of life. Geology is closely aligned with geography, which is both a natural and social science. The study of geography includes the location and spatial distribution of features on the Earth, such as surface processes (physical geography), patterns of human development or culture, and how these are understood by different societies (human geography). Geology and geography are linked through the common study of surficial processes that shape the landscape and that have affected or even controlled the development of human culture. Both disciplines also rely on maps and computer graphics as important research tools.
B. Education Guide
Education Details & Eligibility:
Many geology majors pursue Careers in the earth sciences and environmental areas. Many work as hydrogeologists for improving water supplies, water quality and solving contamination problems. Other consultants specialize in land use planning, soil conservation, seismic risk assessment, or hazardous waste disposal. Geologic consultants also work in government at the national level (e.g., the Environmental Protection Agency) and in equivalent state agencies. A significant number of geologists are employed in various capacities with many government agencies including the U.S.
Geological Survey, the Bureau of Land Management, the National Aeronautic and Space Agency, the Department of Energy, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the National Science Foundation, and the various national laboratories such as Oak Ridge, Los Alamos, Lawrence Livermore, etc. Geological survey of India (GSI), Central Ground Water Board (CGWB), ONGC, AMD, State PWD, state Geology and mining etc.
Some Job Fields:
Anthropology, Archaeology, Archives, Computer mapping, geology/ hydro geology, Geophysics, Image processing, Museums, Photogrammetry, Remote sensing, mining geology, marine exploration, petroleum geology.
- B.Sc (Hons) Environmental Geography FL97
- B.sc (Hons) Environmental Geography and Professional FX81
A-levels CCD or a combination of A2 and AS levels, VCE and VDA.
For Education (Secondary and Primary), Highers BBBC and A-levels CCC required.
IB Diploma with 2 HL subjects at 4, 1 at 3, SL subjects at 4. Must include Geography/Science in HL at 4. HNC or HND with Bs in Graded Unit(s).
Access courses and other UK/EU and international qualifications are also welcomed.
A-levels or Advanced Highers BBB to include one of Geography/Geology/Environmental Science and one of Sociology/Economics or Politics (excludes Professional Education degree).
General Entrance Requirements aply.
English Standard Grade (2), GCSE (C). See Education entry.
English Standard Grade (3) will also be considered, although alternative entry conditions may be made in this case.
One of Geology, Geography, Environmental Science/Studies, Biology, Physics, Chemistry or Mathematics Higher (B) or A-level (D) or equivalent; HNC/HND in relevant subject.
Mathematics Standard Grade (2), GCSE (C) or equivalent. Standard Grade (3) considered on an individual basis.
Modes of Study:
C. Institutions that offer this Education:
D.Job Opportunities and Job Roles:
The many career opportunities for geologists are in the broad field of earth resources.Earth resources include petroleum, metals (copper, gold, silver, aluminum...), crushed stone, and sand and gravel.These are the building blocks of our society and geologist explore for new resources and manage the known ones.Water is arguably the most important natural resource, and groundwater is an increasingly important supply of water throughout the world.Geologists are involved in finding, managing and protecting groundwater resources.
Geologists are also employed in the field of land use planning.For example, they can provide a scientific input for where weather structures should be built (or rebuilt) in flood-prone areas.In addition to getting to know the Earth, some geologists are involved in the study of other planets.As we look more closely at other planets, we see features on the surface that look like features we see on Earth.From those similarities, we can infer what geologic processes are shaping the surface of another planet.
E. Approximate Salary range:
In India the salary can be from Rs.9000 to Rs.19, 000 for starters and increases with experience and knowledge.
Median Salary by Years Experience -Job: Geologist (United States)
F. Society Link:
The Society for Geology Applied to Mineral Deposits (SGA) is an international scientific society that promotes the science of mineral deposits geology.
Web Site Link:http://www.e-sga.org/
NOTE: The education seems to be non-Indian